Third Party Access: Considerations and Security Risks
What is Third Party Access and Security?
Third-party security protects an organization from risks associated with third-party vendors. Businesses have traditionally invested time and money protecting their perimeter and on-premises systems with little focus on vendor security practices.
All companies use third-party vendors, and in many cases, these vendors gain authorized access to customer or employee data, or integrate third-party services into the organization’s systems. In addition, third party vendors have their own suppliers as well—and these may pose additional risks to the organization.
Many third-party vendors and contractors have small information security teams and cannot guarantee the same level of security as the customer organization. This makes third party vendors a target for attackers, who can use them as an easy way to penetrate highly protected networks. Securing third party access should be a top priority for almost every organization.
This is part of our series of articles about endpoint security.
Why is Third-Party Access Security Important?
In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, many companies, including third parties, have implemented a work-from-home policy. These changes pose a number of important cybersecurity challenges.
One problem is a reduced ability to authenticate and authorize third-party vendors, because face-to-face operations are not possible. As a result, there is an increasing demand for multi-factor authentication, access control monitoring, and strong password generation. As work and sales activity transitions to email and the web, so does the risk of phishing and malware attacks. Additionally, third-party vendors may access corporate systems using personal devices which are not secure.
This risk can be exacerbated by supply chains. Small suppliers who lack the resources to implement the necessary security measures present an opportunity for cybercriminals, who can leverage their privileged access to enterprise systems.
Third-Party Data Breaches
According to Ponemon’s 2021 Cost of Data Breach Report, the average cost of a data breach in the US was $4.24 million, and third-party software vulnerabilities increased costs by $90,000. The true number may be higher, because third-party attacks are highly evasive and many of them may take months or years to discover.
According to another Ponemon report, 44% of organizations surveyed said they experienced a security breach, and of those, 74% said the breach occurred because they gave too many privileged access to a third party.
Related content: Read our guide to data leakage prevention.
Cloud Storage Risks
More and more software is managed in the cloud, which can lead to even more catastrophic data breaches due to cloud configuration incidents. Several recent data breaches illustrated that sensitive data is commonly stored on unsecured servers hosted by third parties.
Organizations must be very careful about any data they store outside their direct control, including but not limited to the cloud. There is a growing need for solutions that can verify the security of the cloud, because it is impossible to avoid misconfigurations in a fast-moving, complex cloud environment.
Data Privacy Regulations
The GDPR (in the EU) and CCPA (in California) place unprecedented data privacy restrictions on businesses. Similar regulations have been enacted and enacted worldwide. These regulations have a significant impact on how organizations approach privacy and cybersecurity vendor management.
For example, GDPR requires organizations to verify that third parties protect the privacy of their data. The CCPA states that organizations must implement “reasonable” security measures for third parties. Such reasonable security measures include encrypting sensitive data and ensuring security controls exist on any device that holds sensitive data. This can include malware protection and allowlisting or blacklisting of applications.
Types of Third Party Risks
Third party access can create risks in a variety of ways. Following are the main types of third party risks, all of which can be manifested by insecure third party access:
Operational—risks can arise from the possibility of operational disruption due to third-party actions. If an organization’s critical systems depend on a supplier, any event affecting the supplier’s business is a direct risk.
Cybersecurity—third parties are today a preferred target for attackers. Attackers can break into the supply chain, silently infect systems and devices, and then use the third party as a “platform” to launch attacks against higher-value targets.
Compliance—risks can arise from the failure of a third party to put security controls in place, resulting in data loss. This can lead to data privacy breaches, liability and compliance penalties for large enterprises. Violations of environmental or labor laws by third parties may also present a compliance risk.
Financial—third parties can risk an organization’s finances, for example by introducing faulty materials or products into a process, impacting sales and revenue. Failure by suppliers to deliver on time and meet their contractual obligations can also result in financial losses.
Strategic—strategic risks can occur when third parties clash with the customer organization’s business strategy. For example, a supplier may use its privileged knowledge and access to compete with an organization’s business.
Best Practices for Third-Party Vendor Risk Management
Follow these best practices to manage third-party access and reduce risk.
Deploy a privileged access management solution to ensure only authorized users can access your organization’s sensitive data. Protect your critical assets using two-factor authentication (2FA). This approach makes it difficult for attackers to compromise your network even if they steal an individual’s credentials. Manual access approval and one-time passwords can also help prevent attackers from accessing your network.
Establish Security Policies for Vendors
Establish cybersecurity rules for your third-party vendors and any employees working with them. Create an internal policy that outlines the responsibilities of all parties and the standard actions for different cases and procedures. Familiarize your subcontractors and employees with these rules.
Enable Continuous User Activity Monitoring
Many laws, IT regulations, and standards require ongoing user activity monitoring. Monitor the activity of your third-party vendors within your network so you know who is accessing your critical assets, what they are doing with them, and when this activity is taking place.
Plan for Third-party Incident Response
Prepare to respond to an incident related to a subcontractor before it occurs. Analyze the breadth of cybersecurity risks and threats to choose those related to your organization. Then create formal procedures to mitigate such risks.
Ensure timely detection of cybersecurity events by using a dedicated solution. Use this solution to configure notifications and alerts for suspicious activity and events connected to your subcontractor’s activities.
Select responsible personnel who should get notified if a cybersecurity event related to third parties occurs. Add their names and contact details to your organization’s cybersecurity policy. Ensure they have the skills and knowledge necessary to contain and remediate a third-party data breach.
Third Party Access with Hysolate
Hysolate provides an isolated Workspace for secure third party access to sensitive corporate resources. Organizations can instantly deploy a Hysolate Workspace – an isolated virtual OS, on the contractor’s endpoint and allow them to access their corporate systems only from this environment.
The Workspace can be pre provisioned with all the required applications and security controls that are required for the contractor to connect to and work in the corporate environment. At the end of the contractor’s engagement the Hysolate Workspace can be instantly deprovisioned remotely without leaving any data on the contractor’s device.
Find out more about how Hysolate can secure third party contractors here.